Medications Prescribed for Yeast Infections
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Common Questions About Yeast Infections
If you have a yeast infection, the look and feel of your vulva may change. For example, the area of skin just outside your vaginal opening may itch and burn. These symptoms may become worse when you urinate. You may also notice a discharge that’s thicker and lumpier than usual.
Candida, a type of yeast, is naturally present in the body. When there’s a healthy balance of microorganisms in the body, the amount of Candida stays in check. But when there's an imbalance or variation in vaginal bacteria (such as if too much bacteria has been removed via antibiotics or douching), Candida can overgrow and cause a yeast infection. Chronic yeast infections can occur if conditions in the body are often favorable for yeast overgrowth.
Yes, men can get yeast infections, also known as male candidiasis or balanitis. Yeast infections in men are caused by an overgrowth of the fungus Candida, which can cause symptoms such as itching, redness, and discharge on the penis or in the genital area.
Yeast infections in men are less common than in women, but they can occur in men of any age. Certain factors can increase the risk of developing a yeast infection in men, such as having diabetes, taking antibiotics, being uncircumcised, or engaging in sexual activity with a partner who has a yeast infection.
The duration of a yeast infection can vary, but most infections clear up within a week with the proper treatment. However, time frames depend on the severity of the infection and the type of treatment.
Though yeast infections are rarely contagious through sex and are commonly caused by an overgrowth of yeast, they can cause irritation and discomfort during sex. So it's recommended that you avoid sexual activity until your yeast infection has cleared.
A yeast infection can cause a number of symptoms, including bleeding (as anything that irritates the tissue of the vulva, vagina, or cervix can lead to bleeding). Light bleeding or spotting isn’t usually cause for concern. But if the bleeding is heavy — or if it continues after the infection has cleared — it could be a sign of a separate underlying condition. Be sure to reach out to your medical provider.
While it’s possible for a yeast infection to go away on its own, this isn’t always the case. Mild yeast infections may clear up without treatment, especially if the underlying cause of the infection has been addressed (such as discontinuing the use of antibiotics or treating underlying medical conditions). However, more severe or recurrent yeast infections may require medical treatment to resolve.